Country Brief

Mali, which is a carbon sink and will remain so until 2030, considers that it must contribute to the maximum of its possibilities to the collective ambition raised by the Paris Agreement. The economy of Mali is essentially based on the exploitation of natural resources, which have been overexploited and/or degraded due to population growth (3.6% / year) and climatic constraints. Furthermore, two thirds of the country is arid and semi arid dominated by problems of desertification. Natural risks have increased with the intensification of climate change and materialized through repetitive droughts, floods, strong winds, bush fires and erratic rainfall. Climatic scenarios up to 2100 show on average a 3°C increase in temperature and a 22% decrease in rainfall over the whole country.  Agriculture, which is most vulnerable sector, represents 45% of the GNP and employs around 80% of the working population.