Madagascar is among the top-ten countries of the world having important and extensive coastal zones. Due to its geographical position, the island frequently experiences extreme weather events that significantly affect its national economy, as well as the population’s livelihood. Climate change impacts, particularly severe during the last two decades. Madagascar is a least developed country with non-significant greenhouse gases emissions. Madagascar is equally committed to contribute to mitigate climate change, as well also reduce climate change vulnerability and promote adaptation measures, although the importance of the two complementary strategies is different.