Although the level of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the Congo remains below the world average, the country's strong economic growth has been accompanied by a significant increase in emissions. The country aims to effectively reduce its GHG emissions without compromising its development capacities. To industrialize without endangering its natural environment, the Congo will need to diversify its economy and access alternative and innovative technologies. Thus, policies with low carbon emissions and low consumption of natural resources, falling within the broader framework of the "green economy", are promoted through its INDC.
At the same time, climate change has had a strong impact on the conditions of agricultural production as well as the balance of national ecosystems. Nonetheless, thanks to a policy of sustainable forestry management of, the Congo has retained a significant forest cover (65% of the national territory), constituting a carbon sink and an invaluable reservoir of biodiversity for the entire planet. However, the country does not feel sufficiently supported by the international community in its efforts to preserve forest cover.