Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. The greatest concern for Burkina Faso, is that the climate changes foreseen for the next 50 years are now inevitable. Hence, the primary interest of Burkina Faso, which is not a large GHG emitter, must necessarily be improvement of the people’s capability to adapt to the conditions that will exist from now to 2025, 2030 or 2050. Burkina Faso ratified the UNFCCC in 1993 and the Kyoto Protocol in 2005. Up to now, in response to the provisions of these protocols, it has developed and adopted a number of policy and strategy documents relating to climate change. Burkina has chosen 2030 as the target year, given that this date coincides with the second Millennium Development Goals meeting.